AI Yakangwara Kupfuura Yemakore Mashanu?

by Sep 29, 2022Business Analytics, Bhizinesi Njere0 mashoko

Sezvazvinoitika, hongu, asi zvishoma

AI inowanikwa kwese kwese. Imwe yenzvimbo dzakajairika dzeAI mumba mazuva ano ndeye smartphone, smart dzimba nemidziyo. Nguva pfupi yadarika, patakagara pakudya kwemanheru, takaita hurukuro neAlexa yakafamba seizvi:

Me: Alexa, tamba Cubs zvakakwirira. [Ichi chinhu chinoratidzwa paAlexa's home screen. Bvunza Alexa kuti itambe makwikwi echikwata chako chaunofarira.]

Alexa: Ndawana chimwe chinhu pawebhu. [Ndinoziva kana Alexa inotanga seizvi, pane dambudziko. Hazvisi kuzofamba zvakanaka. Alexa inoratidza rondedzero yemavhidhiyo mashoma. Ichokwadi, mazhinji acho mavhidhiyo ebaseball ane vatambi vanoita mitambo yakatanhamara mumakore mashanu apfuura. Mhosva yangu. Edza zvakare.]

Me: Alexa, ndiratidze zvakakwirira zveazvino Chicago Cubs baseball game. [Ndinovimba kuti haione matauriro ekudzikisira sezvo ini ndichibvuma mhosva yekutadza kunzwisisa chikumbiro changu.]

Alexa: Zvakanakisa zvemutambo weChicago Cubs zvichavepo maawa maviri mushure mekunge mutambo wapera. [Kufambira mberi. Ndakanga ndisingazivi kuti vanogona kunge vari kutamba panguva iyi. Rombo riri parutivi rwangu. Ndine tariro kamwe kamwe.]

Me: Alexa, zvakanaka ndiratidze zvakanakisa zvezuro, ipapo. [Hongu, kushushikana kwangu kuri kutanga kuratidza. Ndave pedyo nekutyora kodhi. Ndiri kutogona kuravira.]

Alexa: Ndine urombo, handimuzivi iyeye. [Inotaura izvi kakawanda zvakanyanya. Pamwe ndakanga ndisina kujeka.]

Me: Uri kutamba neni here? Tamba, mavhidhiyo epamusoro emutambo weMajor League baseball pakati peChicago Cub nePittsburgh Pirates yeMuvhuro Chikunguru 25, 2022 paWrigley Field. [Panguva ino ndine chivimbo chekuti ndazviroverera. Ndakapfira chikumbiro chakananga, chisina kujeka icho hunyanzvi hwandinoziva Alexa anahwo. Yakamboita izvi kare. ]

Alexa: [Kunyarara. Hapana. Hapana mhinduro. Ndakanganwa kutaura izwi rekumutsa mashiripiti, Alexa.]

The avhareji IQ ane makore 18 okuberekwa akapoteredza 100. Avhareji yeIQ yemunhu ane makore matanhatu ndeye 6. Google AI IQ yakaongororwa kuva 55. Siri's IQ inofungidzirwa kuva 47. Bing naBaidu vari mumakore makumi matatu. Handina kuwana ongororo yeAlexa's IQ, asi ruzivo rwangu rwakanga rwakaita sekutaura nemwana wechikoro.

Vamwe vangati, hazvina kunaka kupa komputa bvunzo yeIQ. Asi, ndiyo chaiyo pfungwa. Vimbiso yeAI ndeyekuita zvinoitwa nevanhu, zvirinani chete. Parizvino, musoro-kune-musoro - kana, tingati, neural network kune neural network -challenge yakatarisana zvakanyanya. Kutamba chess. Kuongorora chirwere. Kukama mombe. Kutyaira motokari. Iyo robhoti inowanzokunda. Chandinoda kuona Watson achikama mombe achityaira mota achitamba Jeopardy. Zvino, kuti yaizova trifecta. Vanhu havatombokwanisi kutsvaga fodya yavo pavanenge vachityaira pasina kuita tsaona.

IQ ine AI

Kukundwa nemuchina. Ndinofungidzira kuti handisi ndega. Ndakasvika pakufunga, kana iri mamiriro ehunyanzvi, zvinhu izvi zvine hungwaru zvakadii? Tingafananidza njere dzemunhu nemuchina here?

Masayendisiti ari kuongorora masisitimu 'kugona kudzidza uye kufunga. Kusvika pari zvino, vanhu vekugadzira havasati vaita sezvakaita chinhu chaicho. Vatsvaguri vari kushandisa zvikanganiso kuona maburi kuitira kuti tinzwisise zviri nani panofanira kuitwa kumwe budiriro uye kufambira mberi.

Kungoitira kuti usapotsa poindi uye kukanganwa izvo "Ini" muAI inomiririra, vatengesi vagadzira izwi rekuti Smart AI.

AI Sentient?

Marobhoti ane manzwiro here? Ko makombiyuta anogona ruzivo emotions? Kwete. Ngatienderere mberi. Kana uchida verenga nezvazvo, imwe (yaimbova) injini yeGoogle inodaidzira iyo AI modhi iyo Google iri kushanda pairi ine manzwiro. Akava nechat inotyisa ne bot iyo yakamupwisa kuti komputa ine manzwiro. Komputa inotyira hupenyu hwayo. Handigoni kana kutenda kuti ndakanyora mutsara iwoyo. Makombiyuta haana hupenyu hwekutya. Makombiyuta haagoni kufunga. Algorithms haina kufungidzirwa.

Handingashamisi, zvisinei, kana komputa ikadavidza kumurairo munguva pfupi iri kutevera ichiti: “Ndine urombo, Dave, handikwanisi kuita izvozvo.”

Ndekupi AI Inokundikana?

Kana, kunyanya, nei mapurojekiti eAI achikundikana? Vanokundikana nekuda kwezvikonzero zvakafanana izvo mapurojekiti eIT agara achikundikana. Mapurojekiti anokundikana nekuda kwekutadza kutonga, kana kutadza kubata nguva, chiyero kana bhajeti..:

  • Chiono chisina kujeka kana chisina kutsanangurwa. Urombo zano. Iwe unogona kunge wakanzwa vatungamiriri vachiti, "Tinongoda kutarisa bhokisi." Kana iyo kukosha kwechirevo isingagoni kutsanangurwa, chinangwa chacho hachina kujeka.
  • Tarisiro dzisiri dzechokwadi. Ikoku kungava nemhaka yokusanzwisisana, kurukurirano isina kunaka, kana kuti kuronga kusiri kwechokwadi. Tarisiro dzisiri dzechokwadi dzinogonawo kubva mukushaikwa kwekunzwisisa kweAI maturusi kugona uye maitiro.
  • Zvinodiwa zvisingagamuchirwi. Zvinodiwa zvebhizinesi hazvina kunyatsotsanangurwa. Mametric ekubudirira haana kujeka. Zvakare muchikamu ichi ndiko kusakosha kwevashandi vanonzwisisa data.
  • Zvirongwa zvisina bhajeti uye zvisingatarisirwi. Mutengo hausati wanyatsofungidzirwa uye zvine chinangwa. Zvingangoitika hazvina kurongerwa nekutarisirwa. Mupiro wenguva wevashandi vakatonyanya kubatikana wakadzikiswa.
  • Mamiriro ezvinhu asingatarisirwi. Hongu, mukana unoitika, asi ndinofunga izvi zvinowira pasi pekuronga kwakashata.

Wona, zvakare, yedu yapfuura post 12 Zvikonzero Zvekukundikana MuAnalytics uye Bhizinesi Intelligence.

AI, nhasi, ine simba guru uye inogona kubatsira makambani kuwana budiriro huru. Kana zvirongwa zveAI zvikatadza, kutadza kunokwanisa kungogara kuchiteverwa kune chimwe chepamusoro.

Ndekupi AI Excel?

AI yakanaka pakudzokorora, mabasa akaoma. (Kuti ive yakarurama, inogona kuita mabasa akareruka, asingadzokorori, zvakare. Asi, zvingava zvakachipa kuti mwana wako wechikoro azviite.) Zvakanaka pakutsvaga maitiro uye hukama, kana huripo, muhuwandu hwakawanda hwe data.

  • AI inoita zvakanaka kana uchitsvaga zviitiko zvisingaenderane nemapateni chaiwo.
    • Kutsvaga kubiridzira kadhi rechikwereti ndezvekutsvaga kutengeserana kusingateveri maitiro ekushandisa. Inowanzoita kukanganisa padivi rekuchenjerera. Ndakagamuchira mafoni kubva kukiredhiti kadhi rangu nealgorithm yekushingairira pandakazadza mota yangu yekurenda negasi muDallas ndichibva ndazadza mota yangu muChicago. Zvakanga zviri pamutemo, asi zvisina kujairika zvakakwana kuti zvitariswe.

"American Express inoita $1 trillion mukutengeserana uye ine 110 miriyoni AmEx makadhi ari kushanda. Ivo vanovimba zvakanyanya ne data analytics uye muchina kudzidza algorithms kubatsira kuona hutsotsi munguva iri pedyo, saka kuchengetedza mamirioni mukurasikirwa ”.

  • Kubiridzira kwemishonga uye kushungurudzwa. Masisitimu anogona kuwana maitiro asina kujairika emaitiro anoenderana nemitemo yakawanda yakarongwa. Semuenzaniso, kana murwere akaona vanachiremba vatatu vakatenderedza dhorobha pazuva rimwechete vaine zvichemo zvakafanana zvekurwadziwa, kumwe kuongorora kungave kwakakodzera kubvisa kushungurudzwa.
  • AI mune nezveutano yave nebudiriro dzakanakisa.
    • AI uye kudzidza kwakadzama kwakadzidziswa kuenzanisa X-rays kune zvakajairwa kuwanikwa. Yakakwanisa kuwedzera basa reradiologists nekuisa mureza zvisirizvo kuti radiologist itarise.
  • AI inoshanda zvakanaka nayo kushamwaridzana uye kutenga. Chimwe chikonzero nei tichiona izvi zvakanyanya ndechekuti kune njodzi yakaderera. Ngozi yeAI kuve isiriyo uye kuve nemhedzisiro yakaoma yakaderera.
    • Kana waifarira/wakatenga ichi, tinofunga kuti munoda iyi. Kubva kuAmazon kuenda kuNetflix neYouTube, vese vanoshandisa imwe nzira yekuzivikanwa kwemaitiro. Instagram AI inofunga nezvekudyidzana kwako kutarisa chikafu chako. Izvi zvinowanzoshanda zvakanyanya kana iyo algorithm ichigona kuisa zvaunofarira mubhaketi kana boka revamwe vashandisi vakaita sarudzo dzakafanana, kana kana zvaunofarira zvakamanikana.
    • AI yakanakidzwa nekubudirira kuonekwa kwiso. Facebook inokwanisa kuona munhu akambomisikidzwa mumufananidzo mutsva. Mamwe masisitimu ekutanga ane chekuita nekuchengetedza kumeso akanyengedzwa nemasiki.
  • AI yakanakidzwa nekubudirira mukati kurima kushandisa muchina kudzidza, IoT sensors uye akabatana masisitimu.
    • AI yakabatsira matirakita akangwara kurima nekukohwa minda kuti goho riwedzere, kuderedza fetereza uye kuvandudza mari yekugadzira chikafu.
    • Iine data mapoinzi kubva ku3-D mepu, ivhu sensors, drones, mamiriro ekunze, anotariswa machine learning inowana mapatani mumaseti makuru edata kufanotaura nguva yakanaka yekudyara zvirimwa uye kufanotaura goho zvisati zvadyarwa.
    • Mapurazi emukaka shandisa AI marobhoti kuve nemukaka wemhou pachawo, AI uye kudzidza muchina zvakare tarisa zviratidzo zvakakosha zvemhou, chiitiko, chikafu uye kunwa kwemvura kuti varambe vaine hutano uye kugutsikana.
    • Nerubatsiro rweAI, varimi avo vari pasi pe2% yevagari vanodyisa 300 miriyoni mune yasara USA.
    • Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture

Kune zvakare nyaya huru dzeAI budiriro mumaindasitiri ebasa, zvitoro, midhiya nekugadzira. AI iri kwese kwese.

AI Masimba uye Kusimba Kupesana

Kunzwisisa kwakasimba kwesimba nekushaya simba kweAI kunogona kubatsira mukubudirira kwezvirongwa zvako zveAI. Rangarira, zvakare, kuti izvo zvinogoneka zviri kurudyi-kurudyi mikana. Idzi ndidzo nzvimbo idzo vatengesi uye vanobuda ropa vanotora vari kufambira mberi. Isu tichatarisa kugona kuri kunetsa AI zvakare mugore uye kunyora kuruboshwe-shift. Kana ukanyatsodzidza chati inotevera, handingashamisi kana paine kumwe kufamba pakati penguva yandinonyora izvi nenguva yazvinoburitswa.

 

Simba uye kushaya simba kweArtificial Intelligence nhasi

Strengths

Utera

  • Kuongorora yakaoma data seti
  • Contingencies
  • Kufanotaura Ongororo
  • chivimbo
  • Zivo yebhuku
  • Inogona kutevedzera masters
  • okugadzira zvinhu
  • Kushanda muimba inotonhora, ine rima chete
  • Chatbots
  • Kuziva, kunzwisisa
  • Kutsvaga mapatani mune data
  • Kuziva kukosha, kuona kukosha
  • Natural Language Processing
  • Shanduro yemutauro
  • Haikwanise kushandura zvakanaka se, kana nani kupfuura munhu
  • 5th giredhi level art
  • Chekutanga, kugadzira art
  • Kutsvaga zvikanganiso uye kuita kurudziro muzvinyorwa zvakanyorwa
  • Kunyora chero chinhu chakakosha kuverenga
  • Shanduro yemuchina
  • Kusarura, kupindira kwemaoko kunodiwa
  • Kutamba mitambo yakaoma seJeopardy, Chess uye Go
  • Mhosho dzehupenzi dzakaita sekufungidzira mhinduro isiriyo sezvakaita mukwikwidzi wekare, kana kuvhiringa mafambiro asina kujeka kana pasina sarudzo yakadzama nekukasira.
  • Rakareruka kudzokorora mabasa, sekupeta mbatya dzako
  • Yakaedza-uye-yechokwadi algorithms, inoshandiswa kumatambudziko akatsanangurwa zvishoma
  • Fancy AI inonzi ine hungwaru
  • Kufanotaura zviri nani pane kungofungira zvisina tsarukano, kunyangwe zvisiri neruvimbo rwepamusoro kune dzakawanda zviitiko
  • Kushandisa yakaoma probabilistic algorithms kune yakawanda yakawanda yedata
  • Tsvaga maitiro ekubiridzira uye kushungurudzwa mu pharmacy
  • Mota dzinozvityaira, marobhoti evacuum, otomatiki lawn mowers
  • Kuita kwete- zvisarudzo zvinouraya 100% yenguva, kubata nezviitiko zvisingatarisirwi. Kuzvitonga kwakakwana; kutyaira pamwero wemunhu.
  • Kugadzira Deep Fakes mifananidzo nemavhidhiyo
  • Machine Kudzidza, Kugadzira
  • Programmed algorithms
  • Chinhu chinozivikanwa
  • Nyanzvi, basa rimwechete rakanangana
  • Versatility, kugona kuita akawanda akasiyana mabasa

Chii chinonzi AI Remangwana?

Dai AI yaive yakangwara, inogona kufanotaura kuti ramangwana rakamira sei. Zviri pachena kuti vakawanda zvisizvo nezve izvo AI inogona uye isingagone kuita. Vazhinji kusanzwisisa uye kusagona kuverenga nekunyora kweAI ndiwo mhedzisiro ye tech kushambadzira pamusoro-hyping iripo kugona. AI inoshamisa pane yainogona kuita nhasi. Ndinofanotaura kuti huzhinji hwehutera huri kurudyi-kurudyi huchaenda kuruboshwe uye huve simba mumakore maviri kana matatu anotevera.

[Mushure mekunge ndapedza chinyorwa ichi, ndakapa ndima yapfuura kuna OpenAI, jenareta yemutauro weAI yakavhurika. Iwe unogona kunge wakaona humwe hunyanzvi hwakagadzirwa neiyo DALL-E. Ndaida kuziva zvayaifunga nezveramangwana reAI. Hezvino zvazvaireva. ]

Remangwana reAI harisi rekutenga mashoma maseva uye nekuisa off-the-sherufu software package. Izvo ndezvekutsvaga uye kuhaya vanhu chaivo, kuvaka timu chaiyo, uye kuita mari chaiyo mune zvese hardware uye software.

Zvimwe zvinogona kubudirira zveAI mumakore mashoma anotevera zvinosanganisira:

  • Kuwedzera chokwadi chekufungidzira uye kurudziro
  • Kuvandudza maitiro ekuita sarudzo
  • Kukurumidzisa kutsvagisa nebudiriro
  • Kubatsira kuita otomatiki uye kugadzirisa bhizinesi maitiro

Nekudaro, kune zvakare zvimwe zvinogona kutadza kweAI izvo mabhizinesi anofanirwa kuziva nezvazvo, senge:

  • Kunyanya kuvimba neAI inotungamira kune suboptimal sarudzo
  • Kusanzwisisa mashandisiro anoita AI zvichitungamira kushandiswa zvisizvo
  • Kusarura mune data rinoshandiswa kudzidzisa maAI modhi inotungamira kune isina kururama mhedzisiro
  • Chengetedzo uye kuvanzika kunetseka kwakatenderedza data rinoshandiswa kudzidzisa AI modhi

Saka, izvi zvinorevei kune mabhizinesi anodyara mari muAI kuti vawedzere iwo echinyakare analytics? Mhinduro pfupi ndeyekuti, hapana mapfupi-mapfupi. 85% yezvirongwa zveAI zvinokundikana. Sezvineiwo, izvi zvakafanana neanowanzo kutaurwa manhamba ane hukama neiyo yechinyakare IT uye BI mapurojekiti. Iro basa rakaoma rimwechete iro ragara richidikanwa usati wawana kukosha kunze kweanalytics rinofanira kuramba richiitwa. Chiono chinofanira kuvapo, kuve chechokwadi uye chinogoneka. Basa rakasviba kugadzirira data, kukakavara kwedata uye kuchenesa data. Izvi zvichagara zvichifanira kuitwa. Mukudzidzisa AI, zvakatonyanya. Parizvino hapana nzira dzekudimbudzira dzekupindira kwevanhu. Vanhu vachiri kudikanwa kutsanangura maalgorithms. Vanhu vanofanirwa kuziva mhinduro “yakarurama”.

Muchidimbu, kuti AI ibudirire, vanhu vanofanirwa:

  • Gadzirai zvivakwa. Uku ndiko kumisa miganhu iyo AI ichashanda. Izvo ndezvekuti iyo nheyo inogona kutsigira isina kurongeka data, blockchain, IoT, chengetedzo yakakodzera.
  • Kubatsira mukutsvaga. Tsvaga uye uone kuwanikwa kwedata. Dhata yekudzidzisa AI inofanira kuvapo uye kuwanikwa.
  • Gadzirisa iyo data. Kana yaunzwa neyakakura data seti uye, nekudaro, nhamba huru yezvingangoita mhedzisiro, nyanzvi yedunhu inogona kudikanwa kuti iongorore mhedzisiro. Curation ichasanganisirawo kusimbiswa kweiyo data mamiriro.

Kukwereta mutsara kubva kune data masayendisiti, kuti makambani abudirire neAI, akwanise kuwedzera kukosha kune aripo analytics kugona, ivo vanofanirwa kukwanisa kuparadzanisa chiratidzo kubva kune ruzha, meseji kubva kune hype.

Makore manomwe apfuura, IBM's Ginni Rometty akataura chimwe chinhu chakadai, Watson Health [AI] ndiyo mwedzi wedu. Mune mamwe mazwi, AI - iyo yakaenzana nekumhara kwemwedzi - inokurudzira, inogoneka, inotambanudza chinangwa. Handifungi kuti tasvika pamwedzi. Zvakadaro. IBM, uye mamwe makambani mazhinji anoramba achishanda akananga kuchinangwa chekushandura AI.

Kana AI uri mwedzi, mwedzi uri kuona uye uri pedyo kupfuura zvawakambove.

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