Pane Gomba MuSox Yako? (Kutevedzera)

by Aug 2, 2022Kuongorora, Bhizinesi Njere0 mashoko

Analytics uye Sarbanes-Oxley

Kugadzirisa SOX kutevedza ne-self-service BI zvishandiso seQlik, Tafura uye PowerBI

 

Gore rinouya SOX ichave yakura zvakakwana kutenga doro muTexas. Yakaburitswa mu "Public Company Accounting Reform uye Investor Protection Act", inozivikanwa nerudo kubva ipapo nemazita emaseneta akatsigira bhiri, Sarbanes-Oxley Act ya2002. Sarbanes Oxley Sarbanes-Oxley aive mwana weSecurities Act ya1933 chinangwa chake chikuru chaive chekudzivirira vanoisa mari kubva mukubirwa nekupa pachena mumari dzemakambani. Semwana wechiito ichocho, Sarbanes-Oxley akasimbisa zvinangwa izvozvo uye akaedza kukurudzira kuzvidavirira kuburikidza nemaitiro akanaka ebhizinesi. Asi, sevakuru vechidiki vakawanda, tichiri kuedza kuzvinzwisisa. Makore makumi maviri zvichienda mberi, makambani achiri kuyedza kufunga kuti chii chinorehwa nechiitiko ichi kwavari, uyezve, nzira yekuvaka yakawedzera kujeka muhunyanzvi hwavo uye masisitimu ekutsigira kutevedza.

 

Ndiani ane mhosva?

 

Kusiyana nekutenda kwakakurumbira, Sarbanes-Oxley haishande kumasangano emari chete, kana kudhipatimendi rezvemari chete. Chinangwa chayo ndechekupa kujeka kukuru mune data rese resangano uye maitiro ane hukama. Nehunyanzvi, Sarbanes-Oxley inoshanda chete kumakambani anotengeserwa pachena, asi zvaanoda zvine mutsindo kune chero bhizinesi rinofamba zvakanaka. Mutemo unoita kuti CEO neCFO vazvidavirire pachezvavo data yakaratidzwa. Aya maofficial anovimbawo neCIO, CDO neCSO kuona kuti masisitimu edata akachengeteka, ane kuvimbika uye anokwanisa kupa ruzivo rwakakosha kuratidza kutevedza. Munguva pfupi yapfuura, kutonga uye kutevedzera zvave zvakanyanya kunetsa kune veCIO nevezera ravo. Masangano mazhinji ari kubva kumabhizinesi echinyakare, IT-inotungamirwa Analytics uye Bhizinesi Intelligence masisitimu. Pane kudaro, ivo vari kutora mutsara-we-bhizinesi-inotungamirwa yekuzvishandira maturusi seQlik, Tafura uye PowerBI. Zvishandiso izvi, nekugadzira, hazvitariswi nechepakati.

 

Change Management

 

Chimwe chezvakakosha zvinodiwa pakutevedzera Mutemo kutsanangura zvidzoreso zviripo uye kuti shanduko mudata kana maapplication anofanirwa kurekodhwa zvakarongeka. Mune mamwe mazwi, chirango cheChange Management. Chengetedzo, data uye kuwanikwa kwesoftware kunoda kutariswa, uyezve, kana masisitimu eIT asiri kushanda nemazvo. Kuteerera kunoenderana kwete chete kutsanangura marongero nemaitiro ekuchengetedza nharaunda, asi zvakare kuzviita chaizvo uye pakupedzisira kugona kuratidza kuti zvakaitwa. Kungofanana nemapurisa ehumbowo humbowo hwekuvharirwa, kutevedzera Sarbanes-Oxley kwakasimba senge isina kusimba link.  

 

The Weak Link

 

Semuevhangeri weanalytics, zvinondirwadza kutaura izvi, asi iyo isina kusimba link muSarbanes-Oxley kutevedzera kazhinji ndeye Analytics kana Bhizinesi Intelligence. Vatungamiriri mukuzvishandira Analytics vataurwa pamusoro -Qlik, Tafura uye PowerBI - Ongororo uye kushuma nhasi zvakanyanya inowanzoitwa mumutsara-we-bhizinesi madhipatimendi kupfuura muIT. Izvi zvakatonyanya chokwadi chezvishandiso zveAnalytics seQlik, Tafura uye PowerBI izvo zvakakwenenzvera yekuzvishandira BI modhi. Mari zhinji yakashandiswa mukutevedzwa yakanangana nehurongwa hwemari uye accounting. Munguva pfupi yapfuura, makambani akawedzera gadziriro yekuongorora kune mamwe madhipatimendi. Zvavakawana ndezvekuti zvigadziriso zveIT Shanduko Management zvaive zvatadza kusanganisa dhatabhesi kana matura edhata / marita ane kuomarara kwakafanana kunoshandiswa kune maapplication uye masisitimu.  Iyo Shanduko yeManejimendi marongero uye maitiro enzvimbo yekuteedzera inowira pasi peGeneral Controls uye yakabatanidzwa nemamwe maIT marongero uye maitiro ekuyedza, kudzoreredza njodzi, kuchengetedza, uye kudzoreredza nekuchengetedza.

 

Pamatanho mazhinji anodiwa kutevedzera ongororo, chimwe chezvinhu chinowanzo furatirwa ndechekuti: “Chengetedza chiitiko chine chaiyo-nguva yekuongorora, kusanganisira ani, chii, kupi uye riinhi zvese chiitiko chemushandisi uye shanduko yezvivakwa, kunyanya izvo zvingave zvisina kufanira kana hutsinye. "  Kunyangwe shanduko iri yekuseta system, software application, kana data pachayo, rekodhi rinofanirwa kuchengetedzwa iro rine, zvishoma zvinhu zvinotevera:

  • Ndiani akumbira shanduko
  • Pakaitwa shanduko
  • Chii chiri shanduko - tsananguro
  • Ndiani akabvumira shanduko

 

Kurekodha ruzivo urwu nezve shanduko kune mishumo uye dashboards mune yako Analytics uye Bhizinesi Intelligence masisitimu zvakangokoshawo. Zvisinei nekuti iyo Analytics uye BI chishandiso chiri pakuenderera mberi kwekutonga - iyo Wild West, yekuzvishandira, kana inotungamirwa nepakati; angave maspredishiti (kubvunda), Tableau/Qlik/Power BI, kana Cognos Analytics – kuti uenderane neSarbanes-Oxley, unofanira kunge uchirekodha ruzivo urwu. Muongorori haana basa kana uri kushandisa peni nebepa kana otomatiki system kunyora kuti maitiro ako ekutonga ari kuteverwa. Ndinobvuma kuti kana uri kushandisa maspredishiti se "analytics" software yako kuita sarudzo dzebhizinesi, unogona zvakare kushandisa maspredishiti kurekodha shanduko yekutonga.  

 

Nekudaro, mikana yakanaka kuti kana iwe wakatoisa mari muanalytics system senge PowerBI, kana vamwe, iwe unofanirwa kunge uchitsvaga nzira dzekurekodha otomatiki shanduko mubhizinesi rako rehungwaru uye yekushuma system. Sezvakanaka sezvavari, kunze-kwe-bhokisi, maturusi ekuongorora seTableau, Qlik, PowerBI vakaregeredza kubatanidza zviri nyore, zvinotarisika shanduko manejimendi kushuma. Ita basa rako rechikoro. Tsvaga nzira yekugadzira otomatiki zvinyorwa zvekuchinja kune yako analytics nharaunda. Kunyangwe zvirinani, gadzirira kuunza kune anodhita, kwete chete chinyorwa chekuchinja kune yako sisitimu, asi kuti shanduko dzinoenderana neakabvumidzwa emukati marongero uye maitiro.

 

Kuva nekugona: 

1) ratidza kuti une mitemo yakasimba yemukati, 

2) kuti maitiro ako akanyorwa anovatsigira, uye 

3) kuti tsika chaiyo inogona kusimbiswa 

zvichaita kuti chero muongorori afare. Uye, munhu wese anoziva kuti kana muongorori achifara, munhu wese anofara.

 

Makambani mazhinji anogunun'una pamusoro pemitengo yakawedzerwa yekuteerera, uye mutengo wekutevedzera SOX zviyero unogona kunge wakakwira. "Mitemo iyi inonyanya kukosha kumafemu madiki, kune mamwe mafemu akaomarara, uye kumafemu ane mikana yekukura kwakaderera."  Mutengo wekusateerera unogona kutokwira.

 

Ngozi Yekusateerera

 

Sarbanes-Oxley anobata maCEO nevatungamiriri vanozvidavirira uye vanorangwa nemadhora mazana mashanu nemakumi mashanu uye makore mashanu mutirongo. Hurumende haiwanzotambira chikumbiro chekusaziva kana kusakwanisa. Dai ndanga ndiri CEO, ndaizoda kuti timu yangu ikwanise kuratidza kuti isu takatevedzera maitiro epamusoro uye taiziva kuti ndiani akange aita kutengeserana kwese. 

 

Chimwezve chinhu. Ndakati Sarbanes-Oxley ndeyemakambani anotengeswa pachena. Icho ichokwadi, asi funga kuti kushomeka kwehutongi hwemukati uye kushomeka kwezvinyorwa kunogona kukutadzisa kana iwe wakamboda kupa pachena.  

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